There are mainly two categories of people when it comes to the matter of selecting passwords. One group of people always sticks to a single password and this is the only one used in each and every authentication process he comes across. The second category chooses different password each time but finds it difficult to remember each one of them, finally ending up as a person without password. While both of these classes of people do enjoy certain advantages on their methods and so do disadvantages too.
When a user sticks to a single password each time there are increased chances of this being cracked by a third party. This can put the security and confidentiality of all of the users accounts at stake. If this is not found in time then it can lead to many unwanted transactions and processes taking place in your name. Also many people have a tendency of selecting passwords as something related to them. It can be their date of birth, the name of someone special and so on. Such passwords are easy to be cracked by a person by simple trial and error methods.
While there are fewer security risks involved when many different passwords are used, there is still a good chance of forgetting them. However many software packages are now available that can store the passwords of each different account. Another risk involved is that sometimes by finding just one password it might become easier to find the others if all the passwords are connected in any way.
Passwords are very sensitive piece of information and hence must be stored with the highest regard. Managing and storing these passwords must be given due importance. Keeping a few things in mind would help to keep your system and accounts safe from an attack by intruders. Some of these are mentioned below.
1. While choosing a password make sure that it is long enough but not too long making it difficult to remember. Passwords that are too short can be easily cracked by using software that try all the possible combinations.
2. Choose passwords that are combinations of uppercase and lowercase characters.
3. Including digits and special symbols can make it difficult to break the password. Such additions can also make a simple word more difficult to crack.
4. Avoid choosing dictionary words, phrases or names of people and other data that can be easily related to you. Such passwords can be worked out by someone who knows you well enough.
5. Software or password wallets such as the Roboform can be used to save the passwords for you and enter them automatically when needed.
6. If you are in the habit of writing down your passwords never write or store them in a place where it can be easily found out.
7. It is advisable to have a backup for all your passwords in case Roboform should fail. But keep these in a secure place.
8. Never disclose your password to anyone if you can avoid it. If the situation is unavoidable make sure that the person is trustworthy and also change your password at the next opportunity.
9. For systems that come with built in passwords it is always advisable to change them and create one on your own.
10. Avoid giving passwords to programs or websites if you are not sure of them. Most viruses and Trojan horses come in the form of application software.
11. It is good practice to change your passwords occasionally. This adds more security and can prevent a most attacks. If you feel that your system has been hacked into, make sure that you change your password immediately.
12. Storing any password files that you have in encrypted form will also reduce the chances of attacks. This keeps all the passwords stored in that file secure.
Choosing passwords should be done wisely and they should be kept safely. Following the above steps can ensure the security of your system to a certain extend. Also protect others privacy and do not hack into their system even if you gain access accidentally.